Automation in business
Automating a business process can make something that is complex and too time-consuming to undertake manually possible to scale. Not only does automation make the process more consistent, faster and more reliable, but it hides complexity and frees up skilled resources. Done well, it gives a clear business advantage, but done badly?
William Buist, Founder, xTEN Club (www.williambuist.com) tells us of his experience of automation using Ecademy, a UK based social media platform that started long before Facebook or LinkedIn.
“One of the things Ecademy launched was an option to automatically message people who connected with you. At the time I was working as the leader of the premium membership, BlackStar, which provided significantly higher engagement and access to private areas of the site. Part of that role meant connecting widely and it was obviously going to be easier to do that if I could automate elements of the process,” says Buist.
“I worked out a welcome message that was effective at starting conversations, particularly with those for whom premium membership appealed and who wanted to know more. In order to elicit engagement and conversation, I had tested a wide variety of styles and approaches, and homed in on something that was effective. I took that message and used automation. Computers now completed things like the person’s name and identified elements of their profile and included a reference to them in the message I was sending. Only I wasn’t sending it. A machine was, and I didn’t go back and check how these messages were landing. I thought I had done that when I was sending them ‘by hand’. If only I had checked…”
“A few weeks later I attended an Ecademy sponsored event, I was approached by someone I didn’t know who jumped into a conversation like he was a long-lost friend. When it dawned on him that I was at a loss, he felt let down, and he had a right to. The message and reality simply did not match,” explains Buist.
“I had tried to automate ‘personality’, not process. It just isn’t authentic. That is the issue with automation, if you automate something that should not be automated, it will be spotted, and if it is spotted in a context that makes the personal, feel deeply impersonal you can damage relationships badly,” warns Buist.
“Looking back I know there was nothing intrinsically wrong with the approach, it was the message that failed. When I was running the process manually and trying to find effective wording to use, I was writing the emails. When I automated them there was a difference. What I could have done, what I should have done, is transparent.”
“Today I look at many of the artificial intelligence bots that run on websites. They are clever, they feel human-ish, but the ‘best’ ones are transparent about what they are. A machine. I say ‘best’, because, for me, they don’t pretend to be something they aren’t but if they solve my problem, answer my question, or link me to the right resource then they still add real value and I welcome that.”
“Business systems, even automated ones, are one of the five pillars of business strategy, and like any supporting pillar, if you build it on the wrong foundations it won’t support things well enough,” advises Buist. “The key is to really understand the problem properly, and solve it as process – and it needs careful design.